There are many known dental diseases, which you may or may not encounter throughout your lifetime. These issues can range from simple conditions, such as cavities and tooth discoloration, to complex ones, like TMD.
What is TMD/TMJ?
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD/TMJ) is a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the joint that control jaw movement.
What are the causes of TMD/TMJ?
There are no known specific causes of TMD/TMJ. Despite this, experts have listed many possible causes that normally lead to TMD/TMJ symptoms.
Some of these causes include:
- Injuries to the jaw
- Injuries to the temporomandibular joint
- Injuries to the head and neck muscles
- Grinding and clenching of teeth
- Dislocation of the soft cushion or disc between the ball joint and socket
What are the symptoms of TMD/TMJ?
Common symptoms of TMD/TMJ include:
- Toothaches, headaches, neck aches, ear aches, and upper shoulder pain
- Hearing problems and tinnitis or ringing in the ears
- Pain or discomfort in the face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when chewing, speaking, or opening the mouth wide
- Jaws that get “stuck” or “locked” when in the open- or closed-mouth position
- Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth
- Difficulty in chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite
What are the treatments for TMD/TMJ?
Treatments for include different remedies that can range from simple conservative treatments to complex dental procedures, like oral surgeries. Some of these treatments are:
- Application of moist heat or cold packs
- Eating of soft foods
- Taking medications
- The use of occlusal splints, night or mouth guards
- Undergoing corrective dental treatments, such as dental crowns, bridges, and braces
For more information on TMD/TMJ, you can browse through this website or get in touch with us through our contact details. With years of experience dealing with this condition, our own Dr. Kim C. Norman can provide you with all the information you need.